Entries by Peter Whitbread-Abrutat

#MineClosurePerspectives: Acid Drainage…

…or to put it another way, acid mine drainage, or AMD, or acid rock drainage, or ARD, or acid and metalliferous drainage, or AMD, or abandoned mine drainage, or AMD… It is arguably the world’s most significant mining environmental challenge, yet the semantics of its name are almost as tricky as the complexity of the […]

#MineClosurePerspectives: Mining Heritage

During the 18th and 19th centuries, Cornwall, UK, produced over half the world’s copper and tin, predominantly from deep, wet, hard rock mines. The technology, techniques and know-how which was developed to win such ores was taken around the world during the diasporas of Cornish miners. The mines back home were left, unreclaimed. Before mine […]


Today Future Terrains launches its first awareness-raising campaign. We are calling it #MineClosurePerspectives and it considers the issues of mine closure and mining legacies through the lens of photography. It hopes to broaden perspectives among mining stakeholders of all kinds. #MineClosurePerspectives is not a protest against mining, nor a diatribe against environmentalism, nor a polemic; it aims […]

What is Landscape Restoration?

As outlined elsewhere on this website Future Terrains exists to tackle the challenge of degraded lands by enhancing environmental and social performance and promoting landscape restoration. One of half this mission statement explicitly focuses on ‘landscape restoration’, but what does this term mean in reality? Future Terrains defines landscape restoration as: The improvement of degraded […]

What Do We Mean by Social Enterprise?

I have established Future Terrains, unashamedly, as a social enterprise – with the aim of making a difference while making a living. According to Social Enterprise UK, ‘social enterprises are using business to tackle social problems, improve communities, improve people’s life chances and protect the environment.’ I first heard the term ‘social enterprise’ during my […]

Why Future Terrains?

Future Terrains germinated somewhere between mountaintop removal coal mines in America’s Appalachia and ‘farmlandscape’ restoration in Patagonia’s windswept southern wilderness, by way of Everglades ecosystem revival – Costa Rican dry tropical forest restoration – alien species in the Galapagos – Atlantic forest revival in eastern Brazil – and post-mining restoration of Amazonia’s rainforests. Thirty months […]